On May 12th AMS, in collaboration with the Canadian Academy of Health Sciences, hosted a full day Invitational Symposium discussing the Past and Future of Medicare, with presenters from Australia, Canada, England, France, Israel and the United States sharing their knowledge on how to solve present and future challenges in Canadian Medicare. Leading historical, economic, public policy, medical nursing and legal minds came together to debate the merits of modernizing the financing of Medicare, pharmacare, mental health and Medicare for First Nations, Metis and Inuit peoples, private health insurance and constitutional challenges.
The speakers, listed below with a brief bio, have provided their papers for review. These papers will be published in a peer-reviewed Journal in 2107.
Virginia Berridge is Professor of History and Director of the Centre for History in Public Health at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London. Her research interests include the recent histories of drugs, alcohol and tobacco; HIV/AIDS: and the relationship between research and policy. Virginia has written on the relationship between history as evidence and policy making both in articles and in Making Health Policy. Networks in Research and Policy after 1945 (2005). Her latest books are Demons. Our changing attitudes to alcohol, drugs and tobacco (OUP, 2013) and Public Health: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford UP 2016).
Virginia is a trained historian whose PhD research was on the nineteenth century popular press. She has worked for much of her career in non-historical departments both at LSHTM and at the Institute of Psychiatry National Addiction Centre. Virginia has been a Trustee of the drugs charity DrugScope and also of Alcohol Research UK. She is a former Chair of the Society for the Social History of Medicine and President of the European Association for the History of Medicine and Health. Virginia is currently the President of the Alcohol and Drugs History Society. She is one of the founding members of the History and Policy initiative, which aims to bring history into a closer relationship with policy making.
Read Virginia’s paper here.
Katherine Boothe studies comparative health policy, with a focus on pharmaceutical policy. She writes on the development and reform of public pharmaceutical insurance programs. Katherine’s current research focuses on pharmaceutical regulation and changes in drug assessment and reimbursement policies. Katherine is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Political Science and a member of the Centre for Health Economics and Policy Analysis at McMaster University.
Read Katherine’s paper here.
Stephen Duckett is Director of the Health Program at Grattan
Institute, an independent public policy think tank based in Melbourne, Australia. With a career spanning academic, policy making and operational roles, he has developed a reputation for creativity, evidence-based innovation and reform in areas ranging from the introduction of activity-based funding for hospitals, to new systems of accountability for the safety of hospital care.
Stephen served as Secretary (Deputy Minister) of the Austra
lian Department of Health in 1994-96 and as inaugural President and Chief Executive Officer of Alberta Health Services (2009-10). He was Professor of Health Policy, Dean of the Faculty of Health Sciences and Pro-Vice Chancellor at La Trobe University from 1996-2006. He is now an Emeritus Professor of that University.
An economist, Stephen is a Fellow of the Academy of the So
cial Sciences in Australia and of the Australian Academy of Health and Medical Sciences.
Read Stephen’s paper here.
Jacalyn Duffin, MD (Toronto 1974), FRCPC (1979), PhD (Sorbonne 1985), is a hematologist and historian who has occupied the Hannah Chair of the History of Medicine at Queen’s University since 1988. A former president of both the American Association for the History of Medicine and the Canadian Society for the History of Medicine, Jacalyn is the author of eight books and many articles, and holds several awards for teaching and research. She is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada and the Canadian Academy of Health Sciences. Jacalyn’s research focuses on the history of disease, technology, religion, and health policy. She runs an activist website for the drug shortage problem and blogs about this issue in the Canadian Medical Association Journal https://cmajblogs.com/category/drug-shortages/.
Read Jacalyn’s paper here.
Erika Dyck is a Professor at the University of Saskatchewan, and a Canada Research Chair in the History of Medicine. She is the author of Psychedelic Psychiatry: LSD from Clinic to Campus (Johns Hopkins, 2008; University of Manitoba Press, 2011), and Facing Eugenics: Reproduction, Sterilization and the Politics of Choice (University of Toronto, 2013), which was nominated for the Governor General’s award for Canadian non-fiction. Erika is also co-author of Managing Madness: Weyburn Hospital and the Transformation of Psychiatric Care in Canada (2017). Erika is the co-editor of the Canadian Bulletin for Medical History, a contributing editor to ActiveHistory.ca, and a founding member of both www.historyofmadness.ca and www.eugenicsarchive.ca. These two on-line resources are the result of community-scholar partnerships that aim to capture the experiences of patients and ex-patients. In 2015, Erika was inducted to Canada’s Royal Society in the College of New Scholars, Artists and Scientists.
Read Erika’s paper here.
Colleen M. Flood
Colleen M. Flood is a Professor in the University of Ottawa and a University Research Chair in Health Law & Policy. She is inaugural director of the Ottawa Centre for Health Law Ethics and Policy. From 2000-2014 she was a Professor and Canada Research Chair at the Faculty of Law, University of Toronto with cross-appointments to the School of Public Policy and the Institute of Health Policy, Management & Evaluation. From 2006-2011 she served as a Scientific Director of the Canadian Institute for Health Services and Policy Research.
Her primary areas of scholarship are in comparative health care law & policy, public/private financing of health care systems, health care reform, constitutional law, administrative law, and accountability and governance issues more broadly. Her latest book, co-edited with Aeyal Gross of Tel-Aviv University, is entitled The Right to Health at the Public/Private Divide and published in 2014 with Cambridge University Press.
Read Colleen’s paper here.
Josée G. Lavoie is a Professor and Director of the Manitoba First Nations Centre for Aboriginal Health Research at the University of Manitoba. She holds a BSc (Nutrition) and an MA (Medical Anthropology) from McGill University, and a PhD from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (Health Policy and Financing). Before beginning her research career, Josée spent 12 years working for Indigenous controlled health organizations in the eastern North West Territories (now Nunavut) and northern Saskatchewan. Her program of research is located at the interface between policy and Indigenous health services, with a focus on contracting, accountability and responsiveness. Josée is particularly interested in how western and Indigenous knowledge systems interface in the provision of health services in Indigenous communities. She has published extensively in the areas of contact theory, assessing the performance of on-reserve primary healthcare services, and Indigenous health policy. Josée maintains on-going partnerships with the British Columbia First Nations Health Authority and the Assembly of Manitoba Chiefs (Canada), Whakauae Research for Māori Health and Development (New Zealand), and Anas Wayuu (Colombia). She is actively engaged in collaborations in Australia, New Zealand, Colombia, and in circumpolar countries. Josée is one of the Chairs for the Canadian Institutes for Health Research’s College of Reviewers.
Read Josée’s paper here.
Gregory P. Marchildon
Gregory P. Marchildon is Ontario Research Chair in Health Policy and System Design and Professor at the Institute of Health, Policy and Evaluation at the University of Toronto. He is a Fellow of the Canadian Academy of Health Sciences, a member of the editorial board of the European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies, and the Director of the newly established North American Observatory on Health Systems and Policies.
After obtaining his PhD at the London School of Economics, Gregory taught for five years at Johns Hopkins University’s School of Advanced International Studies in Washington, DC. He served as Deputy Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs (1994-96) and Deputy Minister to the Premier and Cabinet Secretary (1996-2000) in the provincial government of Saskatchewan. In 2001-02, Gregory was the Executive Director of the Commission on the Future of Health Care in Canada (the Romanow Commission).
When he returned to academic life in 2003, Gregory helped establish the Johnson-Shoyama Graduate School of Public Policy with campuses at the Universities of Regina and Saskatchewan. He is the author of numerous journal articles on comparative health policy and the history of medicare in Canada. His books include two editions of Health Systems in Transition: Canada co-published by the WHO Regional Office for Europe on behalf of the European Observatory and the University of Toronto Press.
Read Greg’s paper here.
Carol Propper is a Professor of Economics at the Imperial College Business School.
Her research interests are the impact of incentives on the quality and productivity of healthcare, the effect of market incentives on the production of public services, and the impact of environmental factors on health. Carol has published over 120 journal articles in the fields of economics and public policy.
Before her current post, Carol held appointments at the University of Bristol (where she was a cofounder and Director of the Centre for Market and Public Organisation); at the LSE
(where she was Co-Director of the Centre for the Analysis of Social Exclusion 1997-2007); as Chair of the Research Grants Board of the UK’s Economic and Social Research Council
2005-9; as Advisor to the Chief Executive of the NHS (1993-4); and as a member of the Royal Economic Society Council (2001-5). She is a research fellow of CEPR, Europe’s network of leading economists.
Carol was awarded a CBE for her services to social scienc
e in 2010 and elected as a fellow of the British Academy in 2014. Her papers have won the Arrow Award for the best paper
worldwide in the field of health economics in 2011; the best paper award from the Australian Health Economics Association;
and the American Economic Association 2016 prize for the best paper published in the American Economic Journal: Policy in the last three years.
Read Carol’s paper here.
Anne Marie Rafferty
Anne Marie Rafferty is Professor of Nursing Policy, former Dean of the Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, King’s College London, and Visiting Professor at Imperial College’s Patient Safety Translational Research Centre. Anne Marie graduated with a (BSc) SocSci Nursing Studies (Edinburgh University), MPhil (Surgery) (Nottingham University), and DPhil Modern History from Oxford University. She won a Harkness Fellowship in Health Policy to the University of Pennsylvania and was seconded to the Department of Health to work with Lord Ara Darzi on the Next Stage Review of the NHS.
Anne Marie was awarded a CBE in 2008 and appointed to the Prime Minister’s Commission on the Future of Nursing and
She has been the recipient of various awards including the Nursing Times Leadership Award in 2014 and the Health Services Journal Top 100 Clinical Leaders Award in 2015. Anne Marie holds fellowships from the Royal College of Nursing, the American Academy of Nursing, and is a member of the Parliamentary Review of the Welsh Health and Social Care Service.
Read Anne Marie’s paper here.
Bruce Rosen is the Director of the Smokler Center for Health Policy Research–a Division of the Myers-JDC-Brookdale Institute. His recent research foci have included Israeli mental health reform, efforts to monitor and improve quality of care, he
alth information exchanges, and the cross-national flow of health policy innovations. An important component of Bruce’s
work involves promoting linkages between research and health policy development.
Bruce is the lead author of the European Observatory’s country report for Israel and The Commonwealth Fund’s profile of the Israeli health care system. He recently co-edited the World
Scientific book, Accountability and Responsibility in Health Care: Issues in Addressing an Emerging Global Challenge, which combined conceptual contributions from leading international scholars with local reports on how eight different health systems are addressing the accountability/responsibility challenge. Bruce is co-editor of the Israel Journal of Health Policy Research, which seeks to promote intensive intellectual interactions between scholars from Israel and their counterparts from around the world.
As someone who spent the first half of his life in the U.S. and the second half in Israel, Bruce has always enjoyed facilitating cross-national learning opportunities between the two countries. In
recent years, he has come to see that he can also be helpful in creating bridges with health systems in other countries as well. Bruce holds a B.A. in economics from Harvard College and a doctorate in health policy from the Harvard School of Public Health.
Read Bruce’s paper here
Richard B. Saltman
Richard B. Saltman is Professor of Health Policy and Management at the Emory University School of Public Health in Atlanta, Georgia. He was a co-founder of the European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies in Brussels in 1998, Director of the Spanish research hub (1999-2005), and is currently Associate Director of Research Poli
cy. Richard is a Visiting Professor at the London School of Economics and Political Science (2014- 2017). He was also a co-founder and, from 2011 to 2016, Co-Director of the Swedish Forum for Health Policy in Stockholm.
Richard was Director of the Department of Health Policy and Management at Emory (1991-1994). He holds a doctorate in political science from Stanford University.
Richard has published 24 books and over 150 articles and book chapters on a wide variety of health policy topics, particularly on the structure and behavior of European health care systems.
His work has been widely translated. In 1987 and in 1999, Richard
won the European Healthcare Management Association’s annual prize for the best publication in health policy and management in Europe. In 2003, he was the John Fry Fellow at the Nuffield Trust in London.
Richard’s volumes for the European Observatory book series, published by McGraw-Hill Education, were short-listed for the Baxter Prize by the European Healthcare Management Association in 2002, 2004 and 2006.
Read Richard’s paper here.
Sally Sheard is Professor of the History of Medicine at the University of Liverpool, UK, with a special interest in the interface between expert advisers and policymakers in the UK and in international organisations. She is a Wellcome Trust Senior Investigator, currently leading a five year project: The Governance of Health: medical, economic and managerial expertise in Britain since 1948. Sally’s latest book is The Passionate Economist: how Brian Abel-Smith shaped global health and social welfare (Policy Press, 2013). She has also written on the history of hospitals, the political economy of public health, finance of British medicine, the development of the NHS, and medical education. She has extensive experience using history in public and policy engagement, working with local and national government organisations, and is a senior associate for the organisation History and Policy http://www.historyandpolicy.org./
Read Sally’s paper here.
Mark Stabile is the Stone Chaired Professor of Wealth Inequality and Professor of Economics at INSEAD. He directs the James M. and Cathleen D. Stone Centre for the Study of Wealth Inequality at INSEAD. From 2007 to 2015, Mark was the founding Director of the School of Public Policy and Governance at the University of Toronto and Professor of Economics and Public Policy at the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management. Mark is also a Visiting Professor at the London School of Economics and a Policy Fellow at the Martin Prosperity Institute. From 2003-2005, Mark was the Senior Policy Advisor to the Ontario Minister of Finance where he worked on tax, health, and education policy. He is the recipient of the Carolyn Tuohy award in Public Policy, the John Polanyi Prize in Economics, the Harry Johnson Prize from the Canadian Economics Association, and an Excellence in Teaching Award from the Rotman School. Mark’s recent work focuses on inequality, poverty, child health, health care financing, and tax policy. He has advised the governments of the United States, Canada and Ontario, among others, on health care reform and programs to reduce child poverty. Mark is associate editor of the Journal of Health Economics and the Journal of Health Economics, Policy, and Law. Mark received his Ph.D. from Columbia University and his BA from the University of Toronto.
Read Mark’s paper here.